"Hamburg Chickens are a very old race of domesticated poultry. The name of the breed is German, but the origin is Dutch. Hamburg Chickens owe their present shape and color qualities to the British fanciers, who, over a century ago, began the work of refining the 'pheasant fowls' of that period into modern Hamburgs. The Spangled type, was kept in Yorkshire and Lancashire three hundred years ago. Also a breed called Black Pheasants was mentioned in a book of 1702. The name Moonies originates from the Moon shape spangles on the feathers. There is mention of them in Thomas Hardy's book 'Tess of the D'urbavilles' The Black and Spangled varieties were evolved in England; the Penciled varieties came from Holland via Hamburg, Germany."